5.2 Vocab

Urbanization (adjective form: “urbanized”)—the movement of large populations from the country to the city and the consequent growth of modern-day cities

Law of Competition—the theory that “selfish” competition leads to better products, cheaper prices, and a growing economy

Morality—how one goes about determining what is right and what is wrong—those with no sense of right and wrong are labeled amoral—those who know what they do is wrong and do it anyway are labeled immoral

Utilitarianism (the vocab word with more syllables than any other)—a moral/philosophical system which proposes that the option which pleases the most people is “more right” than the option which pleases fewer people

Strike—when a group of laborers refuses to work in order to get more rights

Union (specifically, “labor union”)—an organization of “united” workers in a similar industry that, ideally, ensures fairer working conditions/hours/salaries for all

Communist—a community/world that is freed of class distinctions and private property, where “the people” distribute resources (listen to John Lennon’s “Imagine,” third verse)

Assembly Line Production—using a series of workers/machines performing very small tasks in order to create a product—increasing efficiency and decreasing customer price